Rafael Canogar

Born in 1935 in Toledo, Spain, Rafael Canogar is one of the best known contemporary Spanish painters and printmakers. Between 1948 and 1953 he was a disciple of Daniel Vázquez Díaz and focused on the study of the avant-garde and evolved rapidly to abstract expressionism by 1954.

Canogar was a founding member of the Madrid based group El Paso (1957–60) with artists Luis Feito, Juana Francés, Manolo Millares, Manuel Rivera, Antonio Suárez, Antonio Saura, Pablo Serrano, Martín Chirino and Manuel Viola, which was one of the first avant-garde movements in Spain under General Franco. The group promoted informalism, the importance of the gesture rather than geometry and the pre-eminence of the plasticity of raw materials rather than concept. The dynamism of this young group introduced abstraction to Spain, and had a profound impact on European art that is still felt today.

In 1960 he participated in the "New Spanish Painting and Sculpture" show at the MoMA New York. In 1964, he graduated from expressionism to works, influenced by media and politics. After 1975 he returns to an abstraction that quickly becomes a new iconography that represents man as a plastic element through masks and faces. Notable from this period are his still lifes, city scenes and heads. He has been awarded the grand prize at the San Paolo Biennial (1971) and Spain's leading award in the arts, Premio Nacional de Artes Plasticas (1982).

Museums & Collections

Museum of Modem Art (MoMA). New York, USA
Mills College Art Gallery, Oakland, California, USA
Benjamin & Roberta Russell Foundation, Montgomery, Alabama, USA
Pasadena Art Museum, California, USA
Amon Carter Museum of Wester Art, Texas, USA
Carnegie Institute Pittsburgh, USA
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, California, USA
The Albuquerque Museum of Art and History, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Barcelona, Spain
Museo Español de Arte Contemporaneo, Madrid, Spain
Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Villafames, Castellon, Spain
The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
Museo de Arte Moderno de Caracas, Venezuela
Fundación Museo de Arte Moderno Jesús Soto, Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela
Fundación Museos Nacionales – Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas , Venezuela
Museo de Arte Moderno Jesús Soto, Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela 
Galleria Civica D'Arte Moderna, Bolonia, Italy
Galleria Civica D'Arte Moderna, Turin, Italy
Instituto di Storia dell'Arte, Universita Degli Studi, Parma, Italy
Haags Gemeentemuseum, La Haya, The Netherlands
Gotebog Kunstmuseum, Sweden
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Skopje, Yugoslavia
Stiftung Preubischer Kultutbesitz-Staatliche Museum, Berlin, Germany
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de la Universidad de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Santiago de Chile, Chile
National Art Museum of China. Ludwig Hall of International Art, Pekín, China
Colección de Arte del Siglo XX, Medellín, Colombia
Contemporary Art Museum of Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus, Denmark
Museos Vaticanos, Ciudad del Vaticano, Vatican City
Museo José Luis Cuevas Arte Contemporáneo, México, D.F. Mexico
Museo Tamayo Arte Contemporáneo CONACULTA / INBA, México D.F., Mexico
Museo de Arte Moderno de Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Musée contre l’Appartheid, Cape Town, South Africa
The Museum of Drawers, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Musée d'art et d'histoire, Ginebra . Musée d'art et d'histoire, Geneva, Switzerland
Taiwan Museum of Art, Taichung, Taiwan

Rafael Canogar Retrospective "sin nostalgia" at Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (IVAM)

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